The master’s thesis by the student (Hassan Abd Hashf) from the Department of Islamic Education at the Faculty of Basic Education at the University of Kufa dealt with The Quranic Vision in the Constituents of the Islamic nation- An Applied Study – The Caliphate of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) as an Example .
The issue of building the Islamic nation is one of the important topics that has a great impact on Islamic society, In this thesis, the researcher discussed the most important foundations and pillars on which the building of the individual and society depends, as Islamic law emphasized the importance of society, the necessity of working to build it and providing all ways and means for that. In order for the building of society, its excellence and elevation to be achieved, the correct pillars and foundations for building it must be available; ; Because the building cannot continue if there is not a strong and correct foundation upon which it is based, and the foundations are many and varied, and the tighter those foundations are, the tighter and stronger the building will be. In this research, I discussed the most important foundations for building society, which are the ideological foundations, the legislative foundations, and the foundations. Morality, which has a major role in building the Islamic society.
The doctrinal aspect is considered one of the most important foundations for building the Islamic nation and has a major impact on the life of the individual and society, as belief and belief in the Islamic faith has many effects on human behavior in all aspects, as it frees him from worshiping other than God Almighty, and protects his nature from deviant thought. The legislative aspect is no less important than the doctrinal aspect, as it complements and complements it. The legislative dimension is of great importance in Islamic society, as acts of worship are considered a way to reach the satisfaction of God Almighty. As for transactions, they regulate a person’s dealings with society on legal grounds, and boundaries are considered one of the important aspects. Which reduces crimes that occur in Islamic society.
While the moral aspect is considered one of the important aspects in the life of the Islamic society, as morals are considered one of the fruits of faith and worship, a person and his worship are not complete unless they result in good morals and good treatment. Morals are necessary for the individual and society together, just as the individual is not complete. His humanity is only achieved through morals. Likewise, society at any of its levels cannot be corrected and its affairs cannot be corrected except with morals. Virtuous morals are the first pillar for preserving nations, peoples, and societies, and thanks to them, good and beneficial work spreads for the good of the nation and society.